Using a Digital Thermometer to Guide Your Decisions in Frost and Freeze Events

— Written By Barclay Poling
en Español

El inglés es el idioma de control de esta página. En la medida en que haya algún conflicto entre la traducción al inglés y la traducción, el inglés prevalece.

Al hacer clic en el enlace de traducción se activa un servicio de traducción gratuito para convertir la página al español. Al igual que con cualquier traducción por Internet, la conversión no es sensible al contexto y puede que no traduzca el texto en su significado original. NC State Extension no garantiza la exactitud del texto traducido. Por favor, tenga en cuenta que algunas aplicaciones y/o servicios pueden no funcionar como se espera cuando se traducen.

English is the controlling language of this page. To the extent there is any conflict between the English text and the translation, English controls.

Clicking on the translation link activates a free translation service to convert the page to Spanish. As with any Internet translation, the conversion is not context-sensitive and may not translate the text to its original meaning. NC State Extension does not guarantee the accuracy of the translated text. Please note that some applications and/or services may not function as expected when translated.

Collapse ▲


By Barclay Poling, Extension Specialist, Small Fruit Crops

Whether you rely on overhead sprinkler irrigation or floating row covers to protect your strawberries, you will find one instrument as indispensable as a good weather forecast — a hand-held digital thermometer.

A digital thermometer can help you make critical decisions about protecting your strawberries from frost and freezing weather – by accurately measuring blossom temperature. A digital thermometer also can help you manage occasional “warm days” in April and May that can cause strawberry blossoms to abort. The thermometer can help you decide when you need blossom evaporative cooling, using sprinkler irrigation on those very warm spring days that reach the mid-80s or higher.

A digital thermometer with thermocouple will help improve your decision-making by:

1) Providing the actual temperature of the blossom, which can differ from the air temperature around the blossom.

2) Telling you when to start irrigation.

3) Telling you when to stop irrigation in the morning.

Even if you use row covers, rather than sprinkling, as your primary method of frost, the digital thermometer remains an indispensable tool for extra chilly nights when you may need supplemental heating, using irrigation on top of the row cover.

When to start irrigation in a freeze?

If you use only sprinkler irrigation for cold protection, be sure to start irrigating as soon as the digital thermometer indicates the blossom temperature is 31/32 F. The air temperature may still be as high as 38 F if the air is dry.

If you combine irrigation and row covers, we suggest starting irrigation on top of the covers as soon as blossom temperatures beneath the covers fall to 28 F.

Monitoring system performance during irrigation

The digital thermometer is an excellent tool for monitoring the success of your protection. If the blossom dips below 31 F, you need to step up your irrigation rate!

When to shut down?

The digital thermometer helps to eliminate guessing when to stop irrigation in the morning. On very cold mornings with wind, you may need to keep running well past sunrise. When blossoms provide a reading of 32 F or higher on the thermometer, you can safely stop irrigating. Again, the blossom temperature differs greatly from the air temperature, and you want to keep irrigating until the blossom temperature reaches at least 32 F.

Additional information about the digital thermometer and thermocouple shown in this video:

Manufacturer:  Omega Engineering Inc., 1-800-826-6342

Model and components required:

1. Handheld digital thermometer Model HH 21 (a quality unit that can handle Type T thermocouple wire), about $165.

2. Miniature connectors, SMPW-T-M, $1.75 each (Get  5 or 10 of these, depending on how many blossoms you wish to sample.)

3. Type T teflon-coated thermocouple wire (Allow about 10 feet for each blossom sampled. Ten blossoms require 100 feet of wire.)

~ TT-T-24-50 — $34 for 50 feet of 24-gauge wire.

~ TT-T-20-100 — $67 for 100 feet of 20-gauge wire.

Updated on Jan 31, 2013
Was the information on this page helpful? Yes check No close
Scannable QR Code to Access Electronic Version